|Vatnajökull National Park is one of three national parks in Iceland. This is now the second largest national park in Europe (the largest one is in Russia).
Kirkjubæjarstofa is a cultural center dedicated to the Vatnajokull National Park and the largest lava flow eruption in human history – the one that meteorologist measure all others against.
Next, we’ll see Lakagígar, a volcanic fissure centered on the volcanoes Grímsvötn and Thordarhyrna. When this volcanic system violently erupted for 8 months in 1784, it destroyed the nation’s crops, led to the death of over 50% of Iceland’s livestock and the resulting famine took 25% of the island’s human population. It caused a drop in global temperatures, caused crop failures in Europe and droughts in North Africa and India. Today, the lava flows and other evidence of this event remains fascinating.
The Jokulsarlon Glacier Lagoon is one of the greatest wonders of nature in Iceland, and it’s new. The lagoon is the result of our warming planet. It has formed at the base of a massive glacier, from which massive ice chunks carve. We’ll board a ship to navigate the beautiful lagoon and explore the receding glacier.
Then, we’ll make our way to the distinctive and memorable Skaftafell National Park. Here, the diversity and contrast of black sand plateaus, vibrant glaciers, rivers and icy lagoons, volcanoes and majestic mountain peaks make this an ideal setting for many films, such as the foreign planet from Interstellar.
We will hike to Svartifoss, which means “The Black Falls.” When you see it, you will understand. There are no roads that access this area, so we have to hike for about 90 minutes to see it. Worth every step.